City have fine nature condition and resource rich. In the district plain land is
5,279 square kilometres, the mountain land is 4,205 square kilometres, the cultivated Land is 3.7 million
mu within the irrigated land is 1.5 million mu hold 40.5% of the cultivated land. Undergound water plent with
22 rivers. Principla crop: wheat, corn, foxtail millet, oats, buckwheat
and potato etc. Within oats and buckwheat are like foods by local
They have not only higher nutrition value and local characteristic,
and also to export invent foreign exchange.The city have rich underground
mineral resources. In the Big
Qing Mountain area
focus mineral products area 170 and 128 ore--deposits 30 types mineral,
Nonmetal mineral types have: graphite, asbestos, marble, granite,
pearl rock, micas greisen, rock crystal, clay, pottery clay and
building stone materal. The
energy resources is
coal focus distribute the north part of the Chasuqi town between
the Big Qin Mountain and Qingshuihe country town.
The precious metal,
rare metal and radioactivity mineral have gdd. The ordinary metal
mineral have copper, iron and zinc. The District have 752 kinds
seed and plants. Common medicine plants include liliales--polygalales,
plantago, astragalus mongholicus, bupleurue chinese. Principla wild
animal 20 kinds more deer, sheep, argal, badger, clouded leopard
and naemorhedas goral.The wild birb more than 100 kinds: Mongolia
Bailing, white swan, within neamorhedas goral, leopard, golden eagle,
sparrowhawk, little crane etc., are the Country stress guard animal
Region & Nation
[ Region ]
In region, there are 4 govern cities
with Huhhot, Baotou,
Wuhai and Chifeng, and 8 leagues for Hulun buir , Hinggan, Jirem, Xi
Lin Gol, Ulanqab, Ih Ju, Baynnur, Alxa . The chief city is Huhhot.
[ Nation ]
Inner Mongolia is the earliest found the national minority Autonomous
Region in China. The consist of Mongolia, Hanmen, Manmen, Huimen,
Dahanermen, Erwenkemen, Elunchunmen and Korean etc. It is a union
and amity big family.The total population is 22 million within Mongolia
is the main nationality there is 3.5 million. Hanmen is 17 million
and the other national minorities are 0.7 million.
Region with the total land is 1.183
million square kilometres.
The Lengthen from the East to the West is 2.4 thousand kilometres.
The across from South to the North is 1.7 thousand kilometres. In
the north part along the boundary are Mongolia and Russia
[ Resources ]
are huge exploit worth and develop potential. The resources rich
of inground and underground. The Region is called "the forest
in the east, the steel-iron in the west, the grain in the south,
the pasture in the north, the resources everywhere".
Forest & Pasture
resources of agriculture foresty and pasture are the first holding
of the Country:
cultivated land is 8 million hectares, the average of person is
0.37 hectares. It is about 4 multiples of the Country. The
prairie total land is 86.67 million heatares. 1/4 of the total land
in the Country and also the first on the five big prairies.
forest land is the champion with the total land 17.33 million hectares.
1/7 of the forest total land of the Country. The forestry store
up about 97.4 billion cube metres and also 11% of the total store
up forestry on the Country.
the agriculture and pasture way: grain increase from 1947 annual
output 1.845 billion kilograms to the 1996 annual output 15.353
billion kilograms. The average of person hold grain 669 kilograms.
The total grain products plenty for supply. The animal husbandry
obain bumper harvest continuous 11 years. The livestock amount more
than 5 thousand for 7 years. The total livestock rech 66.977 million
in 1996, and the highest level on the histry. The small town enterprises
total output value reched 122.8 billion yuan in 1996, the business
income is 125.7 billion yuan, the profit can be distribute 11.9
billion yuan, the taxation is 4.48 billion yuan. The annual net
income of the peasants and herdsmen obtain from the small town enterprises
rech 730 yuan. It hold them all net income 45.5%.
underground mineral products are very abundant.
raw coal mine >
explorated clear mines and ore--deposit about 6 thousand with mineral
products types about 120. Within there are 42 types mineral resources
in first 10 seats. 20 types in first 3 seats, 7 types in the first
of the Country.
Blood Stone >
mine distribute everywhere of the Region. Have been explorated resources
about 200 billion tons. On the five the coal mines in the open of
the stress construt items in the period of "the eighth five
years plan", there are four mines in the Region.
the rare metal resources is 90% of the total holding in the Country,
more than 80% of the holding in the world.
are also colours metals, salt, alkali, nitre, kaolin, petroleum,
gas, etc, natural resources.
the fifty yesrs the Region's railway transport ability has been
increased extremely. From 1557kilometres before liberation to todays'
19 railway main lines and 12 branch lines in the nation and 5 lines
the local railways. The network of the railway business transport
reached more than 6 thousand kilometres.By the 1996 the goods' travel
round reached 66.64 billion tons a kilometre, the passengers' travel
round reached 6.45 billion a kilometre.
way between Huhhot and Baotou Similar the highway construction also
develop rapidly. Now the Region has been formed a extend in all
directions highway traffic network. The network rely on cities to
link every banner and country with the nation highway as mainstay
to build transport lines in close up stops and border areas. The
Region has been opened 6 lines for the passengers transport to Mongolia
and Russia. By the 1996 the highway total mileage has reached 45744
kilometres within 8697 kilometres are the high level and the second
highways. The goods travel round is 17.01 billion tons a kilometre.
The passengers travel round is 8.98 billion a kilometre.
aviation cause develop rapidly too. Before the liberation the Region
has only two small airport in Baotou and Hailaer. Throughed the
fifties and sixties, especial after "the Meeting of the thrid
all centre commissioners". The civil aviation cause begin to
develop quickly in the Region. Now we have opened up 18 routes internal
and 2 routers international. The internal routes can be to Beijing,
Shanghai, Guangzhou, Shenyang, Xian, Luoyang, Hailaer etc. The route
total mileage has reached 22398 kilometres. The passengers travel
round is 395741. The goods and postal matters are 1313.4 tons.
digital transmission equipment
SERVICE>: By the end
of 1996 have opened up international high-speed vehicle send by
main from Huhhot, Erlian to Zhanenud of Mongolia, and internal high-speed
vehicle send by main Huhhot?Beijing, Huhhot?Baotou?Dongsheng, Wulanhot?Baicheng,
Tongliao?Shenyang, Huhhot?Xilinhot etc.
parcels, collects newspapers and periodicals send out that the tradition
businesses develop steady. Simultaneously we have start new businesses
as philately, postal save, high-speed send by mail, postal rite,
postal advertisement and postal shopping etc. We can content various
postal require in society all sides. By the end of 1996 the Region
have 96.7% villages and towns postal service in contented supply.
<TELEPHONE>: By the end of 1996 the Region'
postal telephone public network exchangers total capacitiy has reached
1.28 million doors. In 1997 it will be 1.55 million doors. In the
12 cities and leagues of the Region established the local C3 telephone
public network and reached extend network and rise place of telephone
number. Till now light-cable, numeral microwave, artificial communication
etc. These advance postal service have been used extensive in the
villagers and towns. The Region has 820 banners and villagers realized
telephone automation. 516 banners and villagers have got into the
local public telephone network and realized telephone exchange progranme
control and numeral transmit. It is all villages and towns 55.2%
and 34.7% inthe Region.
IN LONG DISTANCE>:
The Region' communicate in long distance has been realized all programme
control exchange and numeral transmit. By the end of 1996 the postal
light-cable total long reached 13845 kilometres. The numeral microwave
main lines reached 1346.2 kilometres. The numeral exchangers in
long distance are 70 thousand. The postal service bussiness transmit
lines are 28.6 thousand. The Region numeral transmit communicate
network has established with Huhhot as a centre in stretch over
the east and the west and in longitudinal through from the south
to the north. It has linked all leagues and cities and parts of
towns and villages in the Region. Along with the telephone and communication
technique develop incessantly, some new type communicate ways are
invented as calling, movable telephone and numeral communicate etc.
The Region has also opened up the China Computer system in transfer,
stockpile and exchange send out etc.
open to foreign
boundary line long 4.2 thousand kilometres there are land banks
18 as Erlian, Manzhouli. With 80 states and regions set up trade
back and forth, economy, technology cooperative. The foreign businessmen
investment set up enterprises have been registerd on 1.134 thousand
with the investment total amount is 2.31 billion dollars. The Region
has been set up the economy cooperative relation with 29 provinces
and cities. The total introducting founds 3.6 billion yuan, the
economy cooperative item 6.8 thousand.
1996, whole city and town resident life cost annual income is 3,101.7
yuan, peasants and herdmen annual net income is 1,602 yuan.
Science & Technology
are 19 ordinary university within the 4 is nationality universitys, 106
15.394 thousand middle
and primary schools within 3.1 thousand are the nationality school, and 23 adult universitys. There are 471.197 thousand of all kinds professional
technique personnel within 16.5 thousand are high title, 121.637
thousand are medium title.
There are 5.039 thousand hygiene
organization with 64 thousand hospital beds, and 103 thousand health
technique personnel. There are 118 of all kinds art organizations
within 62 the Wulanmuqi, 1776 civilization places. There are 16
the party institution newspapers, 32 types professional newspapers
within the Mongolia characters newspapers, 149 types periodical
within 47 is the Mongolia ones and 7 books publishing houses.
There are also 1,034 of all kinds broadcast, television station,
television reprint and accept station. The covered rate 77%. In
the each session the whole country games, the Region sportsmen obtain
81 gold plates, 66.5 silver plates and 61 copper plates. In the
world games obtain 66 gold plates, 49 silver plates and 48 copper
are all kinds of induct enterprise about 100 thousand within large--scale
and medium enterprises have 300. The induction system category complete
include:steel--iron, electric power, coal, spinning and weaving,
mechanical, electron, chemistry, petroleum, food, product sugar
etc. In the 1996 principal induction products output steel 4,318.2
thousand tons,iron 4,255.7 thousand tons, the power generation amount
32.039 billion kilowatt hour, coal 73 million tons, wood 5,218.7
thousand cube metres, petroleum 1,550 thousand tons, cement 3,946.8
first of May 1997 is the fifty anniversary of the Inner Mongolia
Autonomuse Region found. On the fifty years, the economy construte
obtain vast achievement. To the end of 1996 the total value of the
national income reach 98.3 billion yuan, 49 multiple increase compare
1947. The financial affairs income is 9.322 billion yuan, 103.6
thousand multiple to the 1947. The society consume retail total
amount is 33.34 billion yuan, the foreign trade import and export
total amount 1.25 billion dollars. The life for all walks of nationality
continous raise in the foundition of the economy develop.
Trade and Equipments
The Region mechanical trade contain 10 types as agricultural machines,
engineering machines, petroleeum and chemical industrial machines,
common machines, mine machines, mechanical tools, electrode engineering
and electric appliance, the foundation parts of machines, foodand
pack machines etc. Within the important support types are heavy
lorry and its fittings, electrode engineering and electric appliance,
agricultural and pastoral machines, heavy mine machines. In the
Region mechanical trades there are 1900 enterprises with fix property
7.7 billion yuan and own 233 thousand workers. The most products
reached higher level in the eighties and the ninties.
own 16.8 thousand pieces various main produce equipments(heavy equipments
are 618 pieces and high precision equipments are 174 pieces). Within
8269 pieces are the metal incise equipments. 1750 pieces are forge
and condense equipments. 654 pieces are found equipments. 53 lines
are automatic produce lines. The trades can be produce 3 thousand
types products and more thousands various specification machines.
In the period of "the eighth five years plan" the trades
established 20 lines high level equipments produce lines. Chief
products include: heavy load lorry, mine load lorry, truck of train,
stirrer for concrete, truck, pump-car, mine hydraulic pressure supporter,
excavator, 110 KV line transformer, high-speed precision chuck,
noiseless bearing, electric magnetic flat line, windy generator,
accumulator and lorry of fitting.